Hinsdale Architecture

Queen Anne
The most easily recognized of the American styles, Queen Anne homes were popular across the country from the 1870s to 1900.

Featuring irregular floor plans, porches, multiple steep roofs, towers, contrasting materials, decorative windows and trim, this Victorian style captured the decorative exuberance of the era.
202 East Fourth, built in 1886, features all the best of a Queen Anne home.

With an entrance inspired by classical Greek and Roman architecture, this symmetrical design has its basis in the Georgian style. Named after King George III of England, colonists replicated the style in Williamsburg.

Features include central or end chimneys, a fan light (window) over the door, and Palladian and double hung windows. After the American Revolution, “Georgian” evolved into the more suitably named “Federal” style.

The addition of a columned, classical two-story entry and balustrade at the roof or ground level determine the neoclassical designation.
Hinsdale’s Memorial Building, built in 1927, was designed by architect Edwin Hill Clark.
Its roofline balustrade has been removed.

Just before the Civil War, the architecture of the Italian Renaissance inspired this building style which quickly became the most popular in America.

Elaborate trim and porch decoration, wide and bracketed eaves, arched-top windows and low-pitched roofs with square cupolas are typical of this balanced, rectangular design. Side bay windows are often found and heavily molded double doors grace the entry.
The Hinsdale History Museum at 15 South Clay, built in 1873, boasts several Italianate features.

Rare in Hinsdale but prevalent throughout the Chicago area, rectangular bungalows were an affordable housing style that swept the country in the early 20th century.

With a predictable and efficient interior arrangement, they feature one and a half stories, hipped roofs, broad eaves, and low porches with square columns. Bungalows in Chicagoland, like this one, are generally made of brick.

Arts and Crafts (Craftsman)
Emphasizing hand craftsmanship and natural materials, this movement was initiated by English designers in the 1880s.

It grew to include many American design styles from bungalows to Prairie homes. The “Craftsman” name comes from the title of a magazine published by popular furniture designer Gustav Stickley in the early 20th century.

Arts and Crafts homes feature low-pitched roofs, wide eaves with exposed brackets, porches with square columns, beamed ceilings and built-in furniture.
306 East Third embodies many Craftsman features.

A variation within the Arts & Crafts genre, the Prairie style was popularized through the work of Frank Lloyd Wright. In harmony with its setting, Prairie design is horizontal with low pitched rooflines and large overhanging eaves.

Casement windows, at times with art glass, are frequently grouped into horizontal bands. The open floor plan generally includes a central hearth and built-in furniture.
Built in 1912, 105 North Grant was designed by noted Prairie architect William Drummond.

Suggestive of 16th century English architecture, decorative timbering is the most evident feature in Tudor homes. Steeply sloping roofs, narrow windows with small panes, prominent chimneys and the use of stone or patterned brick also signify the design. The Cotswold Cottage, with its false thatched roof, is a Tudor style that inspired Hinsdale’s R. Harold Zook’s designs.
405 East Seventh, designed by R. Harold Zook in 1927, displays many Tudor characteristics.

As support for the lavish Queen Anne style began to wane at the turn of the century, the more relaxed, less complicated Shingle style gained favor.

Sided in rough, cedar shingles, these homes can borrow traits from the Tudor, Queen Anne or classical designs. Irregular roof lines, short towers, porches and an asymmetrical floor plan are indicative of the style.
138 East Fourth, c.1907, is a fine example of the Shingle style.

Prevalent across the country in the early 20th century, this square, uncomplicated style features a basic four room floor plan duplicated on the second floor.

With dormers, the 2.5 story interior maximized space on smaller lots. A full porch with wide front stairs offers a stately and welcoming appearance.
An American Foursquare at 320 North Washington.

This style combined the trend toward more informal design (Bungalow) and low, horizontal lines (Prairie). Originally developed in California, these single story homes were built across the country after World War II to meet the considerable housing needs of returning soldiers and their families.

Ranch style features include low pitched roofs, deep eaves, large windows, simple floor plans and attached garages.
836 South Oak captures the traits of classic Ranch design.

Richardson Romanesque
Roman arches and walls of rough, squared stone make this style easy to identify. Frequently used for public buildings, its features suggest strength and dependability.

Arched windows and round towers can be incorporated into the design along with decorative columns. Boston’s Henry Hobson Richardson popularized this style in the late 1800s, as the name conveys.
The newly constructed home at 300 North Madison exhibits the strong features of the Romanesque style.

Over the past few decades, homes have been built that incorporate a number of architectural styles. The roof shape, layout, window design and detailing may be inspired by different periods, creatively and cohesively united.
This customized home at 306 North Lincoln reflects a stylistic mix of Shingle, Neoclassical and Foursquare styles.

Popular around the same time as the Victorian Queen Anne style, Stick homes are more angular and smooth. With horizontal and vertical trim boards that delineate various patterns and lines, the homes are clad with wood siding. Because Stick details are flat, they are often covered or removed in remodeling. Few authentic Stick style homes remain in the country today.
Built c.1880, 126 West Third is a rare example of a Stick style home in Hinsdale.

Colonial Revival
Resurgence in American patriotism followed the country’s 1876 centennial that continued through the two World Wars. This was reflected in the immense popularity of colonial style architecture, based loosely on symmetrical Federal and Georgian designs. Design features include a rectangular footprint, gable roof, accented center front door, double-hung windows with shutters. Dormers and fireplaces are generally present. Dutch colonial and Cape Cod styles are variations of this design.
516 South Park, built in 1910, is a fine example of Colonial Revival architecture.

American Farmhouse
Because of its practical comfort and pleasant design, this rural style was embraced by city dwellers as well. With a front facing gable roof and monochromatic wood siding, the simple design has minimal exterior decoration. Porches, however, are often evident. A formal room was positioned at the front of the house while spaces for daily chores were placed at the back. These family homesteads often began modestly in size, evolving into larger, more sprawling footprints as families grew and wealth increased. This was the most prevalent style found in early Hinsdale.
Built in 1889, 135 East Fifth is a well preserved Hinsdale example of the Farmhouse style.

Anderson Architecture Center Archive