Rock garden and alpine garden in 50 inspiring ideas

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Have a rock garden or an alpine garden makes each outdoor area more beautiful and helps to create visual interest. These two types of gardens extend the variety of plants that you can plant by creating special environments for alpine species.
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Alpine plants grow on rocky mountain slopes where soil drainage is good and there is plenty of light. By using carefully placed stones and rocks, it is possible to recreate these conditions in a miniature garden - a large rock positioned in the right place will create southern and northern slopes for example.

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Your rock garden must be away from all trees and shrubs to make the most of the light. The garden can be bigger or smaller, depending on your preferences and available space. If you have a large garden, you will need special equipment to work the land by giving it a shape and elevating it. In a smaller garden you may not need special equipment even if the crowbar can still help you move the rocks.

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The best time to start creating a rock or alpine garden is in the winter to give the rock and soil time to rest before planting the plants in the spring. Start creating your garden by cleaning the soil of the herbs. If you have problems with perennial weeds such as bindweed, you will definitely need to use a weed killer. Remember to add a support for the rocks and stones to improve the drainage and then a layer of special waterproof cloth to prevent the soil from being washed away and to prevent the grass growing between rocks and stones.
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The type of stones and rocks you will use in your garden is very important. Local stones are often the best choice and always give the landscape a very natural look. After choosing the stones and rocks that you will use, place them to the North to have different angles with different micro-climates in the garden. Place the biggest rock, the one that will play the role of centerpiece, first and use the smaller rocks and stones to fix it. Then cover them with a layer of topsoil without weeds. Fill the space with small rocks and stones by also covering them with earth. Finally, use a small portion of the small rocks to create "pockets" of planting - small shapes where rocks can hold the composting mixture in place. It is possible to make your own composting mix by mixing equal amounts of weed-free soil, horticultural kernel and leaf dough. Use this mixture to fill planting pockets and crevices between rocks.
Spacious alpine garden decoration

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Planting alpine species in spring gives them time to stabilize before winter. Plant sun-loving alpines on the south side of the big rocks and alpines that like the cold on the opposite side. Water the plants while they are still in their pots and then remove the pots. Plant the alpines in the pockets by wrapping them well with the composting mixture. Finish with a layer of horticultural grain or gravel.
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